The 3D models on this website are the end result of a complex pipeline of processes which transform the primary data captured by the surveyor. The different elements of this pipeline – including capture techniques, processing, and publishing - are described in this section.
This is based on a more detailed publication from the EU 3D-ICONS project ‘Guidelines and Case Studies’ which is available as a free download from
Short Range Laser Triangulation 1
NextEngine 3D Scanner HD scanning lower section of an orthostat from Knockroe passage tomb.
Short Range Laser Triangulation 2
NextEngine 3D Scanner HD scanning the Turoe Stone
Short Range Light 1
Alternative visible light scanning instrument, Artec EVA scanning the entrance stone at Knowth.
Long Medium Time of Flight
Mensi GS 101, an early model time-of-flight scanner.
Long Medium Phase 1
Faro Focus scanner, a phase-shift instrument, surveying Staigue fort.
Long Medium Phase 2
Faro Focus scanner, a phase-shift instrument, surveying the central chamber in Newgrange.
Multiscalar Traditional 1
Orthoimage of a prehistoric landscape at Mullaghfarna, generated from traditional photogrammetry.
Multiscalar Traditional 2
3D surface model of a prehistoric landscape at Mullaghfarna, generated from traditional photogrammetry.
Multiscalar Semi Automated 1
A 3D model of an Ogham inscribed stone generated from photogrammetry.