SMR No.: ME019-045----
Monument Type: Megalithic tomb - passage tomb
Newgrange (Ir. Sí an Bhrú), the best known Irish passage tomb, is surrounded by a kerb of 97 stones, the most impressive of which is the highly decorated Entrance Stone. The mound covers a single tomb consisting of a long passage and a cross-shaped chamber. There are the remains of two smaller tombs immediately to the west of Newgrange and at least one and probably two to the east.
Newgrange was excavated between 1962 and 1975 by Professor M. J. O’Kelly who discovered the Roof Box through which the mid-winter sun penetrates into the chamber. Based on archaeological evidence, he also designed the reconstruction of the white quartz façade. Newgrange as the main síd of the Boyne Valley was regarded in Irish mythology as the residence of Aonghas, son of the great god Daghda.